Receive an inbound call

In this building block you see how to receive an inbound call.

Example

Prerequisites

Create an application

A Nexmo application contains the required configuration for your project. You can create an application using the Nexmo CLI  (see below) or via the dashboard  . To learn more about applications see our Nexmo concepts guide.

Install the CLI

$ npm install -g nexmo-cli

Create an application

Once you have the CLI installed you can use it to create a Nexmo application. Run the following command and make a note of the application ID that it returns. This is the value to use in NEXMO_APPLICATION_ID in the example below. It will also create private.key in the current directory which you will need in the Initialize your dependencies step

Nexmo needs to connect to your local machine to access your answer_url. We recommend using ngrok  to do this. Make sure to change demo.ngrok.io in the examples below to your own ngrok URL.

$ nexmo app:create "Receive Inbound Call Example" http://demo.ngrok.io/webhooks/answer http://demo.ngrok.io/webhooks/events --keyfile private.key
Install dependencies

$ npm install express
Initialize your dependencies

Create a file named app.js and add the following code:

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const app = require('express')()

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Write the code

Add the following to app.js:

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const onInboundCall = (request, response) => {
  const from = request.query.from
  const fromSplitIntoCharacters = from.split('').join(' ')

  const ncco = [{
    action: 'talk',
    text: `Thank you for calling from ${fromSplitIntoCharacters}`
  }]

  response.json(ncco)
}

app.get('/webhooks/answer', onInboundCall)

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Run your code

Save this file to your machine and run it:

$ node app.js

Prerequisites

Create an application

A Nexmo application contains the required configuration for your project. You can create an application using the Nexmo CLI  (see below) or via the dashboard  . To learn more about applications see our Nexmo concepts guide.

Install the CLI

$ npm install -g nexmo-cli

Create an application

Once you have the CLI installed you can use it to create a Nexmo application. Run the following command and make a note of the application ID that it returns. This is the value to use in NEXMO_APPLICATION_ID in the example below. It will also create private.key in the current directory which you will need in the Initialize your dependencies step

Nexmo needs to connect to your local machine to access your answer_url. We recommend using ngrok  to do this. Make sure to change demo.ngrok.io in the examples below to your own ngrok URL.

$ nexmo app:create "Receive Inbound Call Example" http://demo.ngrok.io/webhooks/answer http://demo.ngrok.io/webhooks/events --keyfile private.key
Install dependencies

Add the following to build.gradle:

compile 'com.nexmo:client:4.0.0'
compile 'com.sparkjava:spark-core:2.7.2'

Write the code

Add the following to the main method of the InboundCall class:

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/*
 * Route to answer incoming call.
 */
Route answerRoute = (req, res) -> {
    String from = req.queryParams("from").replace("", " ");
    TalkAction message = new TalkAction.Builder(String.format("Thank you for calling from %s", from)).build();

    res.type("application/json");

    return new Ncco(message).toJson();
};

/*
 * Route to print out call event info.
 */
Route eventRoute = (req, res) -> {
    System.out.println(req.body());
    return "";
};

Spark.port(3000);
Spark.get("/webhooks/answer", answerRoute);
Spark.post("/webhooks/events", eventRoute);

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Run your code

We can use the application plugin for Gradle to simplify the running of our application. Update your build.gradle with the following:

apply plugin: 'application'
mainClassName = project.hasProperty('main') ? project.getProperty('main') : ''

Run the following gradle command to execute your application, replacing com.nexmo.quickstart.voice with the package containing InboundCall:

gradle run -Pmain=com.nexmo.quickstart.voice.InboundCall

Prerequisites

Create an application

A Nexmo application contains the required configuration for your project. You can create an application using the Nexmo CLI  (see below) or via the dashboard  . To learn more about applications see our Nexmo concepts guide.

Install the CLI

$ npm install -g nexmo-cli

Create an application

Once you have the CLI installed you can use it to create a Nexmo application. Run the following command and make a note of the application ID that it returns. This is the value to use in NEXMO_APPLICATION_ID in the example below. It will also create private.key in the current directory which you will need in the Initialize your dependencies step

Nexmo needs to connect to your local machine to access your answer_url. We recommend using ngrok  to do this. Make sure to change demo.ngrok.io in the examples below to your own ngrok URL.

$ nexmo app:create "Receive Inbound Call Example" http://demo.ngrok.io/webhooks/answer http://demo.ngrok.io/webhooks/events --keyfile private.key
Install dependencies

$ composer require slim/slim:^3.8

Write the code

Add the following to index.php:

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$app = new \Slim\App;
$app->get('/webhooks/answer', function (Request $request, Response $response) {
    $params = $request->getQueryParams();
    $fromSplitIntoCharacters = implode(" ", str_split($params['from']));

    $ncco = [
        [
            'action' => 'talk',
            'text' => 'Thank you for calling from '.$fromSplitIntoCharacters
        ]
    ];

    return $response->withJson($ncco);
});

$app->run();

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Run your code

Save this file to your machine and run it:

$ php -t . -S localhost:3000

Prerequisites

Create an application

A Nexmo application contains the required configuration for your project. You can create an application using the Nexmo CLI  (see below) or via the dashboard  . To learn more about applications see our Nexmo concepts guide.

Install the CLI

$ npm install -g nexmo-cli

Create an application

Once you have the CLI installed you can use it to create a Nexmo application. Run the following command and make a note of the application ID that it returns. This is the value to use in NEXMO_APPLICATION_ID in the example below. It will also create private.key in the current directory which you will need in the Initialize your dependencies step

Nexmo needs to connect to your local machine to access your answer_url. We recommend using ngrok  to do this. Make sure to change demo.ngrok.io in the examples below to your own ngrok URL.

$ nexmo app:create "Receive Inbound Call Example" http://demo.ngrok.io/webhooks/answer http://demo.ngrok.io/webhooks/events --keyfile private.key
Install dependencies

$ pip install 'flask>=1.0'
Initialize your dependencies

Create a file named receive-an-inbound-call.py and add the following code:

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from flask import Flask, request, jsonify

app = Flask(__name__)

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Write the code

Add the following to receive-an-inbound-call.py:

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@app.route("/webhooks/answer")
def answer_call():
    for param_key, param_value in request.args.items():
        print("{}: {}".format(param_key, param_value))

    from_ = request.args['from']

    return jsonify([
        {
            "action": "talk",
            "text": "Thank you for calling from " + " ".join(from_)
        }
    ])

View full source 

Run your code

Save this file to your machine and run it:

$ python3 receive-an-inbound-call.py

Prerequisites

Create an application

A Nexmo application contains the required configuration for your project. You can create an application using the Nexmo CLI  (see below) or via the dashboard  . To learn more about applications see our Nexmo concepts guide.

Install the CLI

$ npm install -g nexmo-cli

Create an application

Once you have the CLI installed you can use it to create a Nexmo application. Run the following command and make a note of the application ID that it returns. This is the value to use in NEXMO_APPLICATION_ID in the example below. It will also create private.key in the current directory which you will need in the Initialize your dependencies step

Nexmo needs to connect to your local machine to access your answer_url. We recommend using ngrok  to do this. Make sure to change demo.ngrok.io in the examples below to your own ngrok URL.

$ nexmo app:create "Receive Inbound Call Example" http://demo.ngrok.io/webhooks/answer http://demo.ngrok.io/webhooks/events --keyfile private.key
Install dependencies

$ gem install sinatra
Initialize your dependencies

Create a file named inbound_tts_call.rb and add the following code:

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require 'sinatra'
require 'sinatra/multi_route'
require 'json'

helpers do
  def parsed_body
    JSON.parse(request.body.read)
  end
end

before do
  content_type :json
end

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Write the code

Add the following to inbound_tts_call.rb:

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route :get, :post, '/webhooks/answer' do
  from = params['from'] || parsed_body['from']
  from_split_into_characters = from.split('').join(' ')

  [{
    action: 'talk',
    text: "Thank you for calling from #{from_split_into_characters}"
  }].to_json
end

set :port, 3000

View full source 

Run your code

Save this file to your machine and run it:

$ ruby inbound_tts_call.rb

Try it out

When you call your Nexmo Number you will hear a text-to-speech message.